• Landscapes & Life in Finland (Part 4)

    Here you can see some scattered pictures that I want to share with you kiss cool



                                              The Train Station 



                                            FORUM is a big mall



                                       The principal pedestrian street                            KAMPPI is the most important mall 



    With my mother

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  • The SAMI

    The Sami are the indigenous inhabitants of the Lapland. There are dispersed in 4 countries (Sweden, Finland, Russia, Norway). Their origin dates back to 4000 years. The status of the Sami as an indigenous people has been registered in the Finnish Constitution in 1995. The belonging is defined by the use of the Sami's language like native language. 

    The first Sami was some nomadic group, was living by hunting, fishing and picking. Originally, they were made up of several families who lived in the kota, a traditional habitat resembling at a tipi. They believed that all the elements of the nature had a soul. In the 1950's the mechanization ended the nomadism, they became sedentary. 

    Their life has always been focused on the reindeer. They consumed their meat, their milk, their fur, etc. Never ask to a Sami how many reindeer he has. It's a personal subject like the wage for us. mad

    The Sami's rights are supranational. They have a national day (6th february) and a flat. They are also a political party and elect a parliament. In Finland, the parliament Samediggi has been created in 1973 in Inari. Its 21 members and 4 representatives are elected all the 4 years and make sure the good distribution of subvention, but also take care about education, Sami's language, reindeer's farmers, and represent the Sami at international. 


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  • Cultural habits 

    • The love of nature: Finnish people don't travel a lot, for them there isn't country too wonderful than their country. In July, the atmosphere is happy and relaxing
    • The SISU: Tenacity_ The particularity of Finns' character, to explain their capacity to resist and to survive at difficulties at the same time remaining independent. 
    • The Sauna: More of 2 millions for 5,2 millions of Finns. Before, it was also used for women to give birth. Today, the nudity is reserve to family, otherwise women and men go alternately. The ideal temperature is around 80 degrees, the sauna is composed of wood. 
    • The Sadness: The darkness of winter can put a strain on morale. The seasonal depression is widespread, we note a strong alcoholism rate. 
    • The Silence: The Finns prefer to say nothing than to chat unnecessarily. 
    • The 'Cult of automobiles': Sport Exploit, Vintage Car or Vehicle Maintenance, Finns attach a great importance. They follow Formula 1 race with a lot of passion. 
      • Anecdote: In Finland, the amount of the fine depend of the salary. 



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  • Local News Story

    The first Minister, the Minister of Finance and the Justice Minister concluded a conference by a 'fist bump'. In Finland this act isn't welcome and it generated a lot of critics. Especially because this conference told about an agreement with the trade union. This subject told about the reduction of workforce of 5%, something too difficult in Finland for decades. 


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  • Events

    • SKABMAGOVAT: The third week on January, there is the aboriginal film festival, in Inari, in Sami. 
    • Celebration of RUNEBERG: The 5th of February, dedicated to the famous national poet. They fly the flat and eat the 'Runeberg cake' made with almond and Rum. 
    • TERVAHIIHTO: During March, in Oulu, there is a competition of cross-country ski, dating back over than a century.
    • The Reindeer Race: The last Weekend of March, in Lapland 
    • PAASIAINEN: Easter Sunday, the Finns go to the church, make painting on eggs and eat mämmi. The previous Sunday, the children dress up as witches and 'bless' the neighbor who gave their candies. 
    • BIENNALE in Tampere: Just the even-numbered year, this festival celebrate the new finnish's music. 
    • VAPPU: The May 1, dedicated for students and employees, show the beginning of Summer. The most of Finns make picnic in parks. 
    • JUHANNUS: Saint-Jean is the bigger celebration during the weekend next to the 21 June.  Finns go to campaign, dance around Joy lights to celebrate the longest day.
    • Helsinki PAIVA: The 12th of June, celebration of Helsinki with a lot of manifestation and activities around the Esplanade Park. 
    • RUISROCK: The oldest rock festival of Finland, during the beginning of July on an island next to Turku.
    • UNIKEONPAIVA: In July, in Naantali, the laziest (often the mayor or other important person) is thrown into the sea early in the morning. 
    • Neste Oil Rally Finland: In Jyväskylä, during the beginning of august, there is the local race world championship.
    • SIIRRETTAVIEN SAUNOJEN: During August, there is a competition of sauna construction. 
    • Market of Herring: The first week of october, the traditional outdoor market in Helsinki since 1743. 
    • ITSENAISYYSPAIVA: The 6th of December, the Independence Day with fireworks and concerts. 


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  • Social Rituals

    When you are in Finland, you note that Finns are honest, for example in the train nobodies try to fraud. But also, the punctuality is important, when you have a meeting, a appointment with the doctor or a reservation in a restaurant, it is important to arrive at time. 

    The modesty is a a significant value in Finland, people tend not to distinguish themselves in a group, they avoid bragging. 

    Concerning the gender equality, women and men are equal, there isn't discrimination. It's common for Finnish women to work even if she has children. Men and women are both responsible for the care of the children and the home. 



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  • The famous monument in Helsinki  (Part 5)

    We can continuous with the TEMPPELIAUKION KIRKKO is a church into ruck, built in 1969 by SUOMALAINEN's brothers. It is really surprising to see that, the church is small. Inside: nave into granite, 180 windows, exceptional acoustic. 



    Now we go in a park in front of the baltic sea to see the SIBELIUS-MONUMENTTI. It's an art work of E. HILTUNEN in  1967, in tribute to J. SIBELIUS (compositor). You can see a tree of 600 silver pipes, which can produce noise thanks to the wind. 

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